Mulri Hills : Site of Archaeological importance with Mesolithic Settlements

Mulri Hill is placed withinside the northeast of Karachi city. It is located in Gulshan Town, Karachi. It is a fault-scarp eroded ridge, placed alongside Karachi University. In 1980 a city housing scheme Gulistan-e-Jauhar became introduced in this location. The topographic and archaeological functions as well as sites of Mesolithic settlements were buried beneath the city’s built-up landscape. The hills in Karachi are the offshoots of the Kirthar Range. The maximum factor of those hills in Karachi is 528m in the acute north. All those hills are without plants and feature huge intervening plains, dry river beds, and water channels. 

The Late Paleolithic and Mesolithic sites were located with the aid of the Karachi University crew at the Mulri Hills. These represent one of the most crucial archaeological discoveries made in Sindh over the last fifty years. The closing hunter-gatherers, who left considerable lines in their passage, time and again inhabited the Mulri Hills. Some twenty extraordinary spots of flint gear had been located at some point in the floor surveys. 

The structural geology of Mulri Hill may be defined in the shape of its linkage with different hills. These include hills such as Drigh avenue hill, Dhoraji Hill, Hill Park, HoneyMoon ridge, and Gizri Hill. These hills are placed in extraordinary components of Karachi City. The outcrops and shape of those hills indicate that everyone pertains to sedimentary rocks. These rocks are of the Miocene age regionally known as the Gaj formation. 

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These hills are the remnants of the Kund anticline. The anticline begins off evolving withinside the north from the Gadap to the south-dipping into Gizri creek.  This anticlinal shape separates Malir synclinal River valley from Lyari Synclinal River Valley. The anticlinal shape became eroded, forming monoclonal ridges and hills. The fundamental part of the hill is a flat desk land shape. The folded shape of Mulri hill is dissected with the aid of using strike-slip faults. The principal strike-slip fault is placed in Safari Park. 

Thrust and everyday faults additionally exist withinside the folded shape. The outcrops of the Mulri Hill pertain to the Miocene age. The top of the mesa is included with the aid of using thick yellow limestone underlying the aid of using shale and clay effortlessly eroded at some point of the wet season and purpose of the landslide, rock fall, and mudflow.

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